SmartApps: Smart Applications for Heterogeneous Computing

April 23, 2001 -
2:30pm to 3:30pm
Location: 
3-125 EE/CS Building
State-of-the-art run-time systems are a poor match to diverse, dynamic distributed applications
because they are designed to provide support to a wide variety of applications, without much
customization to individual specific requirements. As a result, the performance is disappointing. To
address this problem, we propose SMART APPLICATIONS. In the executable of smart applications,
the compiler will embed most run-time system services, novel speculative run-time adaptive
optimization techniques and a performance-optimizing feedback loop that monitors the application's
performance and adaptively reconfigures the application and the OS/hardware platform. The
resulting total resource customization for the application's own performance gain should lead to
major speedups.

SmartApps builds on the foundation of our speculative run-time techniques developed in the
context of parallelizing, or restructuring, compilers. This talk will present an overview of software
run-time techniques for speculatively parallelizing loops, adaptive algorithm selection for reduction
parallelization and architectural support. These methods target irregular, dynamic applications which
resist traditional static optimization methods. Typical examples include complex simulations such as
SPICE for circuit simulation, DYNA-3D for structural mechanics modeling, and CHARMM for
molecular dynamics simulation of organic systems. We present experimental results on loops from
the PERFECT, HPF and other benchmarks which show that these techniques can indeed yield
significant speedups.