A Comparison of Generalized LDA Algorithms for Undersampled Problems

Date of Submission: 
December 11, 2003
Report Number: 
03-048
Report PDF: 
Abstract: 
Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) is a dimension reduction method which finds an optimal linear transformation that maximizes the between-class scatter and minimizes the within-class scatter. In undersampled problems where the number of samples is smaller than the dimension of data space, it is difficult to apply the LDA due to the singularity of scatter matrices caused by high dimensionality. In order to make the LDA applicable for undersampled problems, several generalizations of the LDA have been proposed recently. In this paper, we present the theoretical and algorithmic relationships among several generalized LDA algorithms and compare their computational complexities and performances in text classification and face recognition. Towards a practical dimension reduction method for high dimensional data, an efficient algorithm is also proposed.