Identifying Clinical and Genetic Markers of Human Disease by Classifying Features on Graphs

Date of Submission: 
September 26, 2007
Report Number: 
07-021
Report PDF: 
Abstract: 
Identification of clinical and genetic markers of disease can provide crucial information for both disease treatment and etiology. This complex task involves associating high-dimensional patterns such as largescale gene expressions and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with disease-related phenotypes using very few samples. We introduce a new graph-based semi-supervised feature classification algorithm to identify discriminative patterns by learning on bipartite graphs built from clinical variables, gene expressions and SNPs. Instead of performing feature selection or unsupervised bi-clustering, our algorithm directly classifies the feature nodes in a bipartite graph as positive, negative or neutral with network propagation, which captures the interactions between both samples and features (clinical and genetic variables) by exploring the global structure of the graph. Although globally optimized for classifying the features, our algorithm can also simultaneously classify the test samples for disease prognosis/diagnosis. We apply our algorithm to studying the Rosetta breast cancer dataset and chronic fatigue syndrome on a CAMDA contest dataset. Our algorithm identifies interesting clinical and genetic markers, some of which are consistent with previous studies in the literature, and achieves better overall classification performance than support vector machines and Bayesian networks. (Supplemental website: http://compbio.cs.umn.edu/Feature_Class/.)